Past Conferences

Nobel Conference

Listed below are the topics of and participants in the Nobel conferences at Gustavus Adolphus College since the inception of the conference series in 1965. Video presentations from recent conferences may be accessed from this page as well. 

The College bestows honorary degrees upon Nobel laureates visiting the campus. Since 1950, 92 laureates have been so honored, and of the 66 laureates who have appeared at one or more conferences since 1965, 60 have accepted honorary degrees (Tjalling Koopmans declined the honor in 1978; Stanley Prusiner was not present on campus to received the honor in 2001; and Steven Weinberg, James Buchanan, Elizabeth Blackburn, and Joseph Stiglitz had not yet won Nobel Prizes when they appeared at their respective conferences in 1976, 1986, 1999, and 2000). Presenters who are Nobel laureates are identified as such: the prize and year they won are listed after their name.

The college archives contain a wealth of materials about past conferences, including programs, planning documents, publicity materials and written transcripts of lectures not available electronically. You can locate a finding aid to the collection here. 

2020 (LVI) - Cancer in the Age of Biotechnology


2019 (LV) - Climate Changed: Facing Our Future

Watch Archived Presentations

2018 (LIV) - Living Soil: A Universe Underfoot


2017 (LIII) - Reproductive Technology: How Far Do We Go?


2016 (LII) - In Search of Economic Balance

2016 Nobel Conference Poster


2015 (LI) - Addiction: Exploring the Science and Experience of an Equal Opportunity Condition

2015 Poster

Watch Archived PresentationsClassroom Resources


2014 (L) - Celebrating 50 Years of the Nobel Conference: Where Does Science Go from Here?

2014 Poster

Watch Archived PresentationsClassroom Resources

*Freeman Dyson was unable to attend. A link to his talk at another event has been included.


2013 (XLIX) - The Universe at Its Limits

2013 Poster

Watch Archived PresentationsClassroom Resources


2012 (XLVIII) - Our Global Ocean

2012 Poster

Watch Archived PresentationsClassroom Resources


2011 (XLVII) - The Brain and Being Human

2011 Poster

Watch Archived PresentationsClassroom Resources


2010 (XLVI) - Making Food Good

2010 Poster

Watch Archived PresentationsClassroom Resources

Additional Participants


2009 (XLV) - H2O Uncertain Resource

2009 Poster Watch Archived Presentations

Additional Participants


2008 Poster

2008 (XLIV) - Who Were the First Humans?

Watch Archived Presentations

Additional Participants

  • Scott AnfinsonFinding Minnesota: The First People of the North Star State
  • Guy GibbonAfter the PaleoIndians: Archaic and Woodland Peoples in Minnesota
  • Rod JohnsonFlintknapping Demonstration
  • Tom SandersAtlatl Dart Throwing Demonstration

2007 (XLIII) - Heating Up: The Energy Debate

2007 Poster

Watch Archived Presentations

Additional Participants

  • Doug CameronAdvances in Biofuels: Ethanol and Beyond
  • J. Drake HamiltonGlobal Warming: Minnesota Impacts, Minnesota Solutions
  • Bishop Craig JohnsonCare for Our World’s Resources: A Biblical Perspective
  • Dan JuhlCommunity-Based Energy: Local Ownership of Renewable Energy

2006 (XLII) - Medicine: Prescription for Tomorrow

2006 Poster

Watch Archived Presentations

Additional Participants

  • Robert BrownResearch in Neurology: Unlocking the Cause and Optimal Treatment of Selected Disorders of the Brain
  • James HartA Collaborative and Alternative Approach to Medicine of the Future
  • William ManahanA Collaborative and Alternative Approach to Medicine of the Future
  • Dean V. MarekHealing and Spirituality
  • Anne L. TaylorPopulation Variability and Cardiovascular Disease

2005 Poster

2005 (XLI) - The Legacy of Einstein

  • George F.R. EllisThe Existence of Life in the Universe and the Crucial Issue of Ethics
  • Wendy FreedmanThe Legacy of Albert Einstein for Cosmology
  • S. James Gates Jr.Is Cosmic Concordance in Concomitance with Superstring/M-Theory?
  • Wolfgang Ketterle (Physics '01) – Bose-Einstein Condensates and Other New Forms of Matter Close to Absolute Zero
  • Thomas LevensonThe Education of Albert Einstein
  • Kip S. ThorneWarped Spacetime: Einstein’s General Relativity Legacy

Additional Participants

  • Ira Flatow – Closing panel moderator
  • John F. HaughtIssues in Science and Religion: Einstein and Religion

2004 (XL) - The Science of Aging

2004 Poster

  • Laura L. CarstensenMotivation, Emotion and Aging
  • Leonard HayflickLongevity Determinants, Aging and Age-Associated Disease
  • Cynthia J. KenyonFrom Worms to Mammals: Regulation of Lifespan by Insulin/IGF-1 Signaling
  • S. Jay OlshanskyHuman by Design
  • Dennis J. SelkoeAging, Amyloid and Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Peter J. WhitehouseThe Dementia of Alzheimer’s Disease: The Wisdom of Just Aging

Additional Participants

  • Richard Q. Elvee – Banquet moderator
  • Joseph GauglerCaregiver and Healthcare Policy Issues
  • Michael HendricksonCaregiver and Healthcare Policy Issues
  • Gabe MalettaClinical Aspects of Alzheimer’s Disease: Assessment and Treatment

2003 (XXXIX) - The Story of Life

2003 Poster

  • Sean B. CarrollButterflies, Zebras, and Fairy Tales: Genetics and the Making of Animal Diversity
  • Philip J. CurrieFeathered Dinosaurs and the Origin of Birds
  • Christian R. de Duve (Medicine '74) – Life Evolving
  • Niles EldredgeWhat Drives Evolution
  • B. Rosemary GrantEvolution of Darwin’s Finches
  • Peter R. GrantEvolution of Darwin’s Finches
  • John F. HaughtGod after Darwin: Evolution and Divine Providence
  • Tim D. WhiteEvolution: A View from Afar

2002 (XXXVIII) - The Nature of Nurture

2002 Poster

  • Avshalom CaspiThe Child Is Father to the Man: Personality Development from Childhood to Adulthood
  • Jerome KaganThe Tapestry Woven by Biology and Experience
  • Eric R. Kandel (Medicine '00) – Genes, Synapses, and Long Term Memory
  • Eleanor E. MaccobyThe Nature of Children and Their Nurture by Parents
  • Thomas H. MurrayParents and Children: What We Value and How That Is Challenged by Cloning and New Reproductive Technologies
  • Robert PlominNature and Nurture: Genetic and Environmental Influences on Behavioral Development
  • Judith L. RapoportNormal and Abnormal Brain Development in Children and Adolescents

2001 (XXXVII) - What is Still to be Discovered?

2001 Poster

  • Günter Blobel (Medicine '99) – Protein Targeting
  • Edmond H. Fischer (Medicine '92) – How Proteins Speak to One Another in Cell Signaling
  • Roald Hoffman (Chemistry '81) – Science and Ethics: A Marriage of Necessity and Choice for This Millennium
  • Sir Harold W. Kroto (Chemistry '96) – Science: A Round Peg in a Square World
  • Sir John R. MaddoxWhat Remains to Be Discovered
  • Erling C.J. NorrbyA Century of Nobel Prizes
  • Stanley B. Prusiner (Medicine '97) – Mad Cows, Demented People, and the Biology of Prions

2000 (XXXVI) - Globalization 2000: Economic Prospects and Challenges

2000 Poster

  • Jagdish N. BhagwatiGlobalization and Appropriate Governance
  • John B. Cobb Jr.The Stake of Christian Theology in Economic Globalization
  • Amitai EtzioniThe Future of the Global Community
  • Robert Mundell (Economics '99) – Does a Global Economy Need a Global Currency?
  • Jeffrey D. SachsNew Approaches to Helping the Poorest of the Poor in the Global Economy
  • Michael SohlmanGlobalization—Some Reflections of a Practitioner
  • Joseph E. StiglitzGlobalization, Equity, and the Developing World

1999 (XXXV) - Genetics in the New Millennium

1999 Poster

  • Bruce BakerThe Molecular Basis of Sex
  • Elizabeth BlackburnTelomerase: Dr. Jekyll or Mr. Hyde?
  • Lindon EavesRevisiting the Biology of Ultimate Concern
  • Dean HamerGenes for Human Behavior
  • Leroy HoodThe Human Genome Project: Revolutions in Biology, Medicine, and Society
  • Evelyn Fox KellerNature and Nurture in a Post-Genomic Age
  • J. Craig VenterGenomics in the Next Millennium

1998 (XXXIV) - Virus: The Human Connection

1998 Poster

  • Alfred Worchester CrosbyThe History of Infectious Disease as a Characteristic of Civilization
  • Robert C. GalloSome New Approaches to HIV and HIV Disease
  • John J. HollandVirus Evolution: Implications for Diseases
  • Wolfgang K. JoklikThe Evolution of Virology: From the Beginnings of Molecular Biology to the Conquest of Viral Disease
  • Elizabeth G. NabelRecombinant Gene Transfer: Lessons from Viruses and Applications to Human Disease
  • Gary J. NabelRecombinant Gene Transfer: Lessons from Viruses and Applications to Human Disease
  • Clarence J. PetersEmerging Virus diseases: 5000 B.C. to the Present
  • Ted PetersCo-Evolution: Pain or Promise?

1997 (XXXIII) - Unveiling the Solar System: 30 Years of Exploration

1997 poster

  • Alan P. BossForming Star Systems, Here and Elsewhere
  • Story MusgraveAn Artist’s View of the Universe
  • F. Sherwood Rowland (Chemistry '95) – Our Changing Atmosphere
  • Robert John RussellHow the Heavens Have Changed
  • Carl Sagan – Scheduled to speak but died prior to conference.
  • Roald SagdeevNew Horizons for Solar System Exploration
  • Eugene Shoemaker – Scheduled to speak but died prior to conference.
  • David J. StevensonFormation of the Earth and the Origin of Life
  • Edward C. StoneThe Search for Life Elsewhere


1996 (XXXII) - Apes at the End of an Age: Primate Language and Behavior in the '90s


1996 Poster

For nearly a generation, research into primate studies shed little light on human language and behavior. That may well have been by intent. Until recently, most primate researchers believed that human language was distinct and, as such, was separable from everything nonhuman. That point was well illustrated on the Gustavus campus nearly 30 years ago, when presenters for Nobel Conference® IV, "The Uniqueness of Man," rejected the notion of studying apes in order to learn about humans.

Today, the argument may have turned to support an early theory formed by evolutionist Charles Darwin, who anticipated continuity in mental and behavioral processes among primates. While there are important exceptions, it has become increasingly clear to researchers that animals developed their identities largely through historical cultures, not essential laws of physiology. With that in mind, the study of apes has taken on new importance as a way to better understand the roots of human language and behavior.

This year, Nobel Conference® XXXII, "Apes at the End of an Age: Primate Language and Behavior in the '90s," has assembled six of the world's finest primatologists to discuss these new and exciting developments in their field. We invite you to join us as we learn about primates on the brink of human consciousness, and how research into their language and behavior holds implications for human intellectual development.

  • Biruté M.F. Galdikas, Professor of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Canada
    • Reflections of Eden
  • Gordon Kaufman, Mallinckrodt Professor of Divinity Emeritus, Harvard Divinity School
    • The Human Niche in Earth’s Ecological Order
  • Tetsuro Matsuzawa, Professor, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Japan
    • Chimpanzee Intelligence in the Laboratory and in the Wild
  • Duane M. Rumbaugh, Director, Language Research Center, Georgia State University
    • On the Psychology and Intelligence of Human, Ape and Monkey
  • Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Professor of Biology and Psychology, Georgia State University
    • Why Do We Limit Language to Homo sapiens?
  • Frans B.M. de Waal, Research Professor, Yerkes Primate Research Center, Emory University
  • Richard W. Wrangham, Professor of Anthropology, Harvard University
    • Apes and the Evolution of Human Violence


1995 (XXXI) - The New Shape of Matter: Materials Challenge Science

1995 Poster

Experimentalists, the diversifiers of the scientific world, have both revealed and created the rich texture of the universe. Theorists, the unifiers of science, have traditionally met this challenge by establishing a framework for understanding this experimental diversity. 

But in the past quarter century, this fundamental balance has changed. Much of today's leading technologies have been created with little or no theoretical guidance. For example, while synthetic chemists have created and improved polymers over several decades, they have done so with only limited theoretical constructs for understanding polymer behavior. The discovery of ceramic superconductors in the mid-1980s challenged physicists to reformulate theories developed for metallic superconductors in the 1950s. And today, advances in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, X-ray spectroscopy and atomic resolution microscopy, coupled

with the wide availability of inexpensive high-speed computing, have enabled organic chemists and biochemists to investigate larger and more complex molecules without a comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding how this new technology could be applied.

During Nobel Conference® XXXI, "The New Shape of Matter: Materials Challenge Science," an international group of experimental scientists will discuss their work on the cutting edge of scientific creation. The Nobel panel also will include modern-day theorists, who will seek to bring meaning and purpose to these discoveries. We invite you to attend a conference that promises to explore the farthest frontiers of materials science.

  • Philip W. Anderson (Physics '77)Princeton University
    • New Physics of Metals: Fermi Surfaces without Fermi Liquids
  • Susan N. Coppersmith, James Franck Institute, University of Chicago
    • The Complexity of Materials
  • Frederick Ferré, Department of Philosophy, University of Georgia
    • The Matter with Matter
  • Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (Physics '91)Collège de France, Paris
    • Principles of Adhesion
  • Harry B. Gray, Beckman Institute, California Institute of Technology
    • Engineered Enzymes for Photosynthesis
  • Harold W. Kroto (Chemistry '96), School of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, University of Sussex, England
    • C60 Buckminsterfullerene: The Celestial Sphere That Fell to Earth
  • Silvan S. Schweber, Martin Fisher School of Physics, Brandeis University
    • The Metaphysics of Physics: The Landscape at the End of a Heroic Century


1994 (XXX) - Unlocking the Brain: Progress in Neuroscience

1994 Poster

Dramatic advances in our understanding of how the human brain functions have been made in the past decade.Rapid growth in what is known about the biochemistry of brain cells, development of network models of neural processing, and technological advances in our ability to watch the brain at work all promise even further advances. Indeed, the National Science Foundation has declared the 1990s to be the "Decade of the Brain." The 1994 Nobel Conference will offer its audience an opportunity to hear what leading researchers think about how the brain performs its tasks. Emphasis will be placed on how changes in the tools we use to study the brain have heightened our level of understanding.

The 1994 Nobel speakers will address a number of very interesting questions: Are the connections within the brain fixed at birth, or subject to change with experience? How can a visual image of the activity of the brain improve our understanding of motor control, language, and memory? To what extent can we use a computer as a model for understanding how the brain works? What changes in the brain are associated with diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's? Can these changes be reversed?

We hope that this conference will demonstrate the fruits of interdisciplinary research efforts, introduce the broad range of questions which challenge those who are trying to understand how the brain works and most of all, increase our appreciation of the human mind. We invite you to attend a conference which we are confident will be both fascinating and stimulating.

  • Anders Björklund, Neurology Section, University of Lund, Sweden
    • Cell Transplants for Repair of the Damaged Brain
  • Patricia Smith Churchland, Department of Philosophy, University of California-San Diego
    • Prospects for a Neurobiology of Consciousness
  • Antonio Damasio, Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa
    • A Neurobiology for Emotion and Reason
  • Apostolos Georgopoulos, Brain Sciences Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Minneapolis
    • Behavioral Neurophysiology of the Motor Cortex
  • David Hubel (Medicine '81), Harvard Medical School
    • Eye, Brain and Perception
  • Eric R. Kandel (Medicine '00), Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Columbia University
    • Genes, Synapses and Memory
  • Oliver Sacks, Clinical Professor of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
    • Neurology and the Soul


1993 (XXIX) - Nature Out of Balance: The New Ecology


1993 Poster

As the dominant species on the planet Earth, human beings have not been good caretakers of their world. Many environmentally-concerned citizens and political leaders believe that by-products of an industrialized world, including threats to the integrity of nature, diversity of species, or impoverishment of ecosystems, are threatening our environment and, ultimately, the sustainability of all life. Solutions to these problems do not come easily. While the world's environmental problems arise from a combination of political, social and economic factors, long-term solutions must be based on the science of ecology. This science has been working for more than a century to unravel the complexities of the world's natural ecosystems.

In the past 15 years, however, scientists have learned that disturbances–such as fires and hurricanes–play a natural role in ecosystems. Scientists have also found that the traditional solution of reducing an ecological system to its smallest parts will not explain the behavior of the whole. People all over the world are becoming increasingly interested in ecological issues. During this Nobel Conference, our hope is to raise public awareness about the most recent trends and discoveries in the new ecology.


1992 (XXVIII) - Immunity: The Battle Within1992 Poster

1991 (XXVII) - The Evolving Cosmos

1991 Poster

  • Timothy FerrisEvolution of Interstellar Communications Systems
  • William A. Fowler (Physics '83) – Early Nuclear Synthesis
  • Margaret GellerWhere the Galaxies Are
  • Edward HarrisonOur Evolving View of the Universe
  • Ernan McMullinExtrapolating to a Distant Past
  • Phillip MorrisonNewton and Anti-Newton: Enforced Simplicity, Inaccessible Origins

1990 (XXVI) - Chaos: The New Science


1990 Poster

1989 (XXV) - The End of Science?

1989 Poster

  • Sheldon Lee Glashow (Physics '79) – The Death of Science!?
  • Ian HackingDisunified Sciences
  • Sandra HardingWhy Physics Is a Bad Model for Physics: Feminist Issues
  • Mary HesseNeed a Constructed Reality Be Non-Objective? Reflections on Science and Society
  • Gerald HoltonHow to Think about the End of Science
  • Gunther S. StentCognitive Limits and the End of Science

1988 (XXIV) - The Restless Earth

1988 Poster

  • Don L. AndersonEarth’s Interior: The Last Frontier
  • W.G. ErnstThe Pacific Rim: Plate Tectonics, Continental Growth, and Geological Hazards and The Future of the Earth Sciences
  • David Ray GriffinThe Restless Universe: A Postmodern View
  • Jack OliverPlate Tectonics: The Discovery, the Lesson, the Opportunity
  • David M. RaupCatastrophes and the History of Life on Earth
  • J. Tuzo WilsonSome Controls That Greatly Affect Surface Responses to Mantle Convection beneath Continents

1987 (XXIII) - Evolution of Sex

1987 Poster

  • William Donald HamiltonSex and Disease
  • Philip J. HefnerSex, for God’s Sake: Theological Perspectives
  • Sarah Blaffer HrdyThe Primate Origins of Female Sexuality and Raising Darwin’s Consciousness: Was There a Male Bias?
  • Lynn MargulisSex in the Microcosm
  • Dorion SaganSex in the Microcosm
  • Peter H. RavenThe Meaning of Flowers: Evolution of Sex in Plants
  • John Maynard SmithTheories of the Evolution of Sex

1986 (XXII) - The Legacy of Keynes

1986 Poster

  • Karl BrunnerThe Sociopolitical Vision of Keynes
  • James M. Buchanan (Economics '86) – Keynesian Follies
  • Geoffrey C. HarcourtThe Legacy of Keynes: Theoretical Methods and Unfinished Business
  • Axel LeijonhufvudWhatever Happened to Keynesian Economics?
  • Ronald Haydn PrestonThe Ethical Legacy of John Maynard Keynes
  • Baron Stig RamelThe Swedish Model: Keynesian Policies Put into Practice
  • Lester ThurowConstructing a Microeconomics That Is Consistent with Keynesian Macroeconomics
  • James Tobin (Economics '81) – Keynesian Economics and Its Renaissance

1985 (XXI) - The Impact of Science on Society

1985 Poster

  • Winston J. BrillThe Impact of Biotechnology and the Future of Agriculture
  • Daniel J. KevlesGenetic Progress and Religious Authority: Historical Reflections
  • Salvador E. Luria (Medicine '69) – The Single Artificer
  • J. Robert NelsonMechanistic Mischief and Dualistic Dangers in a Scientific Society
  • Merritt Roe SmithTechnology, Industrialization, and the Idea of Progress in America

1984 (XX) - How We Know: The Inner Frontiers of Cognitive Science

1984 Poster

  • Daniel DennettCan Machines Think?
  • Gerald Edelman (Medicine '72) – Neural Darwinism: Population Thinking and Higher Brain Function
  • Brenda MilnerMemory and the Human Brain
  • Arthur PeacockeA Christian “Materialism”?
  • Roger SchankModeling Memory and Learning
  • Herbert Simon (Economics '78) – Some Computer Simulation Models of Human Learning

1983 (XIX) - Manipulating Life

1983 Poster

  • Christian Anfinsen (Chemistry '72) – Bio-Engineering: Short-Term Optimism and Long-Term Risk
  • Willard GaylinWhat’s So Special about Being Human?
  • June GoodfieldWithout Laws, Oaths and Revolutions
  • Clifford GrobsteinManipulating Life: The God-Satan Ratio
  • Karen LebacqzThe Ghosts Are on the Wall: A Parable for Manipulating Life
  • Lewis ThomasThe Limitations of Medicine as a Science

1982 (XVIII) - Darwin's Legacy

1982 Poster

  • Stephen Jay GouldEvolutionary Hopes and Realities
  • Richard E. LeakeyAfrican Origins: A Review of the Record
  • Sir Peter Medawar (Medicine '60) – The Evidences of Evolution
  • Jaroslav PelikanDarwin’s Legacy: Emanation, Evolution, and Development
  • Edward O. WilsonSociobiology: From Darwin to the Present

Additional Presenters

  • Irving StoneThe Human Mind after Darwin

1981 (XVII) - The Place of Mind in Nature

1981 Poster

  • Ragnar Granit (Medicine '67) – Reflections on the Evolution of the Mind and Its Environment
  • Wolfhart PannenbergSpirit and Mind
  • Richard RortyMind as Ineffable
  • John Archibald WheelerBohr, Einstein, and the Strange Lesson of the Quantum
  • Eugene Wigner (Physics '63) – The Limitations of the Validity of Present-Day Physics

Additional Presenters

  • Czesław Miłosz (Literature '80) – Reflections

1980 (XVI) - The Aesthetic Dimension of Science

1980 Logo

  • Freeman J. DysonManchester and Athens
  • Charles HartshorneScience as the Search for the Hidden Beauty of the World
  • William N. Lipscomb Jr. (Chemistry '76) – Some Aesthetic Aspects of Science
  • Gunther SchullerForm and Aesthetics in Twentieth Century Music
  • Chen Ning Yang (Physics '57) – Beauty and Theoretical Physics

Additional Presenters

  • Isaac Bashevis SingerOn Beauty

1979 (XV) - The Future of the Market Economy

1979 Logo

  • Robert BenneOught the Market Economy Have a Future?
  • Richard LipseyAn Economist Looks at the Future of the Price System
  • Kenneth McLennanRedefining Government’s Role in the Market System
  • Baron Stig RamelSweden: How a Mixed Economy Gets Mixed Up
  • Mark WillesRational Expectations and the Future of the Market System

1978 (XIV) - Global Resources: Perspectives and Alternatives

1978 Logo

  • Ian BarbourJustice, Freedom, and Sustainability
  • Barry CommonerA New Historic Passage: The Transition to Renewable Resources
  • Garrett HardinAn Ecolate View of the Human Predicament
  • Tjalling C. Koopmans (Economics '75) – Projecting Economic Aspects of Alternative Futures
  • Letitia ObengBenevolent Yokes in Different Worlds

1977 (XIII) - The Nature of Life

1977 Logo

  • Max Delbrück (Medicine '69) – Mind from Matter?
  • René DubosBiological Memory and the Living Earth
  • Sidney W. FoxThe Origin and Nature of Protolife
  • Bernard M. LoomerThe Web of Life
  • Peter R. MarlerIn the Mind’s Eye: Perception and Innate Knowledge

Additional Presenters

  • Elizabeth Shull Russell – Panelist

1976 (XII) - The Nature of the Physical Universe

1976 Logo

  • Murray Gell-Mann (Physics '69) – What Are the Building Blocks of Matter?
  • Sir Fred HoyleAn Astronomer’s View of the Evolution of Man
  • Stanley L. JakiThe Chaos of Scientific Cosmology
  • Hilary W. PutnamThe Place of Facts in a World of Values
  • Steven Weinberg (Physics '79) – Is Nature Simple?
  • Victor F. WeisskopfWhat Is an Elementary Particle?

1975 (XI) - The Future of Science

1975 Logo

  • Sir John C. Eccles (Medicine '63) – The Brian-Mind Problem as a Frontier of Science
  • Langdon GilkeyThe Future of Science
  • Polykarp Kusch (Physics '55) – A Personal View of Science and the Future
  • Glenn T. Seaborg (Chemistry '51) – New Signposts for Science


  • Ian Barbour, Theologian
  • John Cobb Jr., Theologian
  • William Dean, Theologian
  • Van Austin Harvey, Theologian
  • Hans Schwartz, Theologian
  • Christian Anfinsen (Chemistry '72)
  • George Beadle (Medicine '58)
  • Hans Bethe (Physics '67)
  • Felix Bloch (Physics '52)
  • Walter Brattain (Physics '56)
  • Leon Cooper (Physics '72)
  • André Cournand (Medicine '56)
  • Christian de Duve (Medicine '74)
  • Gerald Edelman (Medicine '72)
  • Ulf S. von Euler (Medicine '70)
  • Robert Hofstadter (Physics '61)
  • Charles Huggins (Medicine '66)
  • Simon Kuznets (Economics '71)
  • Willis Lamb Jr. (Physics '55)
  • Willard Libby (Chemistry '60)
  • Fritz Lipmann (Medicine '53)
  • Robert Mulliken (Chemistry '66)
  • Lars Onsager (Chemistry '68)
  • Julian Schwinger (Physics '65)
  • Emilio Segre (Physics '59)
  • William B. Shockley (Physics '56)
  • Ernest Walton (Physics '51)
  • Thomas Weller (Medicine '54)
  • Chen Ning Yang (Physics '57)

Additional Presenters

  • David Matthews – Closing Address

1974 (X) - The Quest for Peace

  • Rubem AlvesDiagnosis of a Sickness: The Will to War
  • Elisabeth Mann BorgeseThe World Communities as a Peace System
  • Polykarp Kusch (Physics '55) – Is Enduring Peace a Realistic Hope?
  • Robert Jay LiftonSurvival and Transformation—From War to Peace
  • Baron Stig RamelNationalism and International Peace
  • Paul A. Samuelson (Economics '70) – Economics and Peace

1973 (IX) - The Destiny of Women

  • Mary DalyScapegoat Religion and the Sacrifice of Women
  • Martha W. GriffithsLegal and Social Rights and Responsibilities of Women
  • Beatrix HamburgThe Biology of Sex Differences
  • Eleanor MaccobyThe Development of Sex Differences in Intellect and Social Behavior
  • Johnnie TillmonThe Changing Cultural Images of the Black Woman in America

1972 (VIII) - The End of Life

  • Alexander ComfortChanging the Life Span
  • Ulf S. von Euler (Medicine '70) – Physiological Aspects of Aging and Death
  • Nathan A. Scott Jr.The Modern Imagination of Death
  • Krister StendahlImmortality Is Too Much and Too Little
  • George Wald (Medicine '67) – The Origin of Death

Additional Presenters

  • Edgar M. Carlson – Moderator

1971 (VII) - Shaping the Future

  • Norman E. Borlaug (Peace '70) – The World Food Problem—Present and Future
  • John McHaleShaping the Future: Problems, Priorities, and Imperatives
  • Glenn T. Seaborg (Chemistry '51) – Shaping the Future—Through Science and Technology
  • Joseph SittlerThe Perils of Futurist Thinking: A Common Sense Reflection

Additional Presenters

  • Anthony J. WienerFaust’s Progress: Methodology for Shaping the Future

1970 (VI) - Creativity

1970 Logo

  • William A. ArrowsmithThe Creative University
  • Jacob BronowskiThe Creative Process
  • Willard F. Libby (Chemistry '60) – Creativity in Science
  • Donald W. MacKinnonCreativity: A Multi-faceted Phenomenon
  • Gordon ParksCreativity to Me

1969 (V) - Communication

  • Leroy G. AugensteinA Little Black Box Called the Mind
  • Noam ChomskyForm and Meaning in Natural Language
  • Abraham KaplanThe Life of Dialogue
  • Eric H. LennebergA Word between Us
  • Peter R. MarlerAnimals and Man: Communication and Its Development

Additional Presenters

  • Edgar M. Carlson – Moderator

1968 (IV) - The Uniqueness of Man

  • Theodosius DobzhanskyThe Pattern of Human Evolution
  • Sir John C. Eccles (Medicine '63) – The Experiencing Self
  • Ernan McMullinMan’s Effort to Understand the Universe
  • W.H. ThorpeVitalism and Organicism
  • S.L. WashburnThe Evolution of Human Behavior
  • Daniel Day WilliamsThe Prophetic Dimension

1967 (III) - The Human Mind

  • Sir John C. Eccles (Medicine '63) – Evolution and the Conscious Self
  • James M. GustafsonChristian Humanism and the Human Mind
  • Holger HydenBiochemical Aspects of Learning and Memory
  • Seymour S. KetyBiochemical Aspects of Mental States
  • Francis O. SchmittMolecular Parameters in Brain Function
  • Huston SmithHuman versus Artificial Intelligence
  • Nils K. StahleThe Nobel Foundation at Work

1966 (II) - The Control of the Environment

  • Kenneth E. BouldingThe Prospects of Economic Abundance
  • René DubosAdaptations to the Environment and Man’s Future
  • Roger RevelleThe Conquest of the Oceans
  • Carl T. RowanThe Free Spirit in a Controlled Environment
  • Glenn T. Seaborg (Chemistry '51) – The Control of Energy

Additional Presenters

  • Orville L. Freeman – Convocation Speaker

1965 (I) - Genetics and the Future of Man

  • Kingsley DavisSociological Aspects of Genetic Control
  • H. Bentley GlassThe Effect of Changes in the Physical Environment on Genetic Changes
  • R. Paul RamseyMoral and Religious Implications of Genetic Control
  • Sheldon C. ReedThe Normal Process of Genetic Change in a Stable Physical Environment
  • William B. Shockley (Physics '56) – Population Control or Eugenics
  • Edward L. Tatum (Medicine '58) – The Possibility of Manipulating Genetic Change

Additional Presenters

  • Philip S. Hench (Medicine '50) – Honorary Chair
  • Polykarp Kusch (Physics '55) – Symposium Chair