Mark Kruger


Dr. Kruger’s research interests are centered around understanding affect, social interaction, and the acquisition of musical expertise, as well as the problems associated with measurement in each of these areas.   He has enjoyed a long-term collaboration with Dr. Mark Lammers (retired), former chair of the Gustavus Music Department and his brother, Dr. Jonathan Kruger, Department of Fine Arts, Rochester Institute of Technology.  In addition, he has collaborated with members of the physics department at Gustavus and at SUNY-GENESEO, Geneseo, New York. His work on affect has looked at the impact of music on emotional experience and on the role of social interaction styles (conversation) on depression.  His work on expertise has ranged from examining the practice habits of students to looking at differences between the autobiographical memories of professional musicians and age matched adult musical performers and audience members.  His work on musical performance has focused on understanding how performance, measured physiologically and musically, on the brass instruments (trumpet, horn, trombone, and tuba) is influenced by differences in expertise, task demands, and auditory feedback.

He has served as a member of the college faculty since 1981.


B.A. Carthage College; Ph.D. Dartmouth College

Courses Taught

Synonym Title Times Taught Terms Taught
PSY-224 Statistics and Research Methods I 73 2022/SP, 2021/FA, 2021/SP, 2020/FA, 2020/SP, 2019/FA, 2019/SP, 2018/FA, 2018/SP, 2017/FA, 2017/SP, 2016/FA, 2016/SP, 2015/FA, 2015/SP, 2014/FA, 2014/SP, 2013/FA, 2012/SP, 2011/FA, 2011/SP, 2010/FA, 2010/SP, 2009/FA, 2009/SP, 2008/FA, 2008/SP, 2007/FA, 2007/SP, 2006/FA, 2005/FA, 2005/SP, 2004/FA, 2004/SP, 2003/FA, 2002/FA, and 1999/SP
PSY-344 AT:Psych of Music 24 2021/FA, 2020/FA, 2019/FA, 2018/SP, 2017/SP, 2016/FA, 2016/SP, 2014/FA, 2014/SP, 2013/SP, 2011/FA, 2010/FA, 2009/SP, 2007/FA, 2007/SP, 2005/FA, 2004/FA, 2004/SP, 2002/FA, 2002/SP, 2001/SP, 2001/JN, 2000/FA, and 1999/FA
PSY-232 Social Psychology 19 2022/SP, 2020/SP, 2017/FA, 2015/FA, 2015/SP, 2013/FA, 2013/SP, 2012/SP, 2011/SP, 2010/SP, 2008/SP, 2006/FA, 2003/SP, 2001/SP, 2000/SP, 1999/FA, and 1999/SP
PSY-100 General Psychology Lab 18 2002/SP, 2000/FA, and 2000/SP
PSY-225 Statistics and Research Methods II 4 2007/FA, 2005/SP, 2003/SP, and 2001/FA
PSY-225 Statistics and Research Methods II Lab 4 2003/SP and 2001/FA
CUR-399 Senior Seminar 3 2019/SP, 2018/FA, and 2008/FA
PSY-244 Special Topic: Psychophysiology 3 2007/JN, 2005/JN, and 2004/JN
PSY-230 Cognitive Psychology 2 2002/SP
PSY-389 Directed Research I 1 2021/SP
PSY-390 Directed Research II 1 2021/SP
PSY-345 Seminar: Psychophysiology 1 2009/FA
CUR-210 Individual and Society 1 2003/FA
CUR-380 Individual and Society 1 2001/SP
PSY-227 About Behaviorism 1 2000/JN
HES-112 Outdoor Education 1 1999/SP
Courses prior to Spring semester 1999 are not displayed.