Garden Flowers

The following is a guide to the flowers planted in the formal gardens of the Linnaeus Arboretum.

Key to species accounts:

Species name: common name with scientific (Latin) name in parentheses followed by cultivar name (if known); "L." following scientific name designates a species named by Linnaeus circa. 1760 A.D.

  1. Period of blooming
  2. Gardens where planted
  3. Other information (where pertinent)
    • AnG = Annual Gardens (in front and on sides of Interpretive Center)
    • BBG = Bird and Butterfly Garden
    • EYG = Evelyn Young Gardens
    • GGHG = Greater Gustavus Hosta Garden
    • TG = Thornberg Garden
    • THG = Thompson Herb Garden

*All photos taken at Gustavus by Bob Dunlap, Arboretum Naturalist unless otherwise noted.

For a Belorussian translation of this page, click here.

Perennials

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium ‘Moonshine’) L.

Yarrow 'Moonshine'

  • Blooms June – October
  • Gardens: THG

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) L.

Yarrow

  • Blooms June – October
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum x rugosa ‘Blue Fortune’)

Anise Hyssop

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: EYG, THG

Hollyhock (Alcea rosea ‘Peaches ‘N Dreams’) L.

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: BBG
  • Biennial

Hollyhock (Alcea rosea ‘Maroon’) L.

Hollyhock 'Maroon'

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: BBG
  • Biennial

Garlic Chives (Allium tuberosum)

Garlic Chives

  • Blooms August – September
  • Gardens: THG

Columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris ‘Clementine’) L.

Columbine 'Clementine'

  • Blooms May – July
  • Gardens: BBG

Rock Cress (Arabis caucasica ‘Variegata’)

Rock Cress

  • Blooms April – May
  • Gardens: EYG

Silver Brocade Artemisia (Artemisia stelleriana)

  • Blooms August – October
  • Gardens: EYG

Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense) L.

Wild Ginger

  • Blooms April – May
  • Gardens: THG

Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) L.

Swamp Milkweed

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: BBG, THG

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) L.

Butterfly Weed

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: BBG, EYG

New York Aster or Michaelmas Daisy (Aster dumosus ‘Wood’s Pink’) L.

New York Aster

  • Blooms August – September
  • Gardens: BBG

New England Aster (Aster novae-angliae) L.

New England Aster

  • Blooms September – October
  • Gardens: BBG, TG, THG

New England Aster (Aster novae-angliae ‘Alma Potschke’) L.

Alma Potschke

  • Blooms September – October
  • Gardens: BBG

False Indigo (Baptisia x variicolor ‘Twilite Prairieblues’)

False Indigo

  • Blooms May – July
  • Gardens: EYG

Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii ‘Atropurpurea Nana’)

Japanese Barberry

  • Blooms May – June
  • Gardens: EYG

Heartleaf Bergenia (Bergenia cordifolia ‘Perfect’)

Heartleaf Bergenia

  • Blooms May – June
  • Gardens: EYG, GGHG

Butterfly Bush (Buddleia davidii ‘Black Knight’)

Butterfly Bush

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: BBG

Feather Reed Grass (Calamagrostis arundinacea ‘Karl Foerster’)

Feather Reed Grass

  • Blooms May – October
  • Gardens: EYG

Bellflower (Campanula) L.

Bellflower

  • Blooms June -- August
  • Gardens: TG

Pink Turtlehead (Chelone lyonii)

Wallflower

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: EYG

Mammoth Lavender Daisy Garden Mum (Chrysanthemum hybrid) L.

Chrysanthemum 'Lavender'

  • Blooms June -- September
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Mammoth Orange Garden Mum (Chrysanthemum hybrid) L.

  • Blooms June -- September
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Stiff Tickseed (Coreopsis palmata)

Stiff Tickseed

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: EYG

Tickseed (Coreopsis lanceolata ‘Early Sunrise’) L.

Creopsis Early Sunrise

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: EYG

Delphinium (Delphinium ‘Belladonna’) L.

Delphinium belladonna

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: TG

Delphinium (Delphinium elatum ‘Pure White Magic Fountains’) L.

Delphinium pure white magic fountains

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: BBG

Delphinium (Delphinium grandiflorum ‘Blue Butterfly’) L.

Delphinium blue butterfly

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: TG

Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea ‘Alba’) L.

Foxglove alba

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: TG

Foxglove (Digitalis ‘Camelot Rose’) L.

Foxglove camelot rose

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: THG

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: EYG

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’)

Purple Coneflower bright star

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: TG

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea ‘Magnus’)

Purple Coneflower magnus

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: BBG

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea ‘Sunrise’)

Purple Conwflower sunrise

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: TG

Globe Thistle (Echinops ‘Taplow Blue’) L.

Globe Thistle

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: EYG

Joe-pye Weed (Eupatorium purpureum ‘Gateway’) L.

Joe-pye Weed

  • Blooms August – September
  • Gardens: BBG, EYG

Queen of the Prairie or Meadowsweet (Filipendula rubra ‘Venusta Magniticum’)

Queen of the Prairie

  • Blooms June – July
  • Gardens: EYG

Blanketflower (Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Goblin’)

Blanketflower

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: THG

Oxeye (Heliopsis helianthoides ‘Summer Sun’)

Oxeye

  • Blooms May – July
  • Gardens: EYG

Daylily (Hemerocallis ‘Stella d’Oro’) L.

Stella D'Oro

  • Blooms June – October
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Daylily (Hemerocallis hybrids) L.

Daylily

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Coralbells (Heuchera micrantha ‘Palace Purple’)

Coralbells

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Kyushu Hydrangea Tree (Hydrangea paniculata ‘Kyushu’) L.

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: EYG

Hydrangea (Hydrangea paniculata ‘Limelight’) L.

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: TG

Orris Root (Iris pallida ‘Variegata’)

Orris Root

  • Blooms May – June
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Siberian Iris (Iris sibirica ‘Silver Illusion’) L.

Siberian Iris

  • Blooms May – June
  • Gardens: EYG

Gayfeather (Liatris spicata ‘Floristan Violet’)

Gayfeather

  • Blooms July – August
  • Gardens: TG

Oriental Lily (Lilium hybrids) L.

Oriental Lily

  • Blooms May – July
  • Gardens: EYG

Sea Lavender (Limonium latifolium)

Sea Lavender

  • Blooms August – September
  • Gardens: TG

Maltese Cross (Lychnis chalcedonica) L.

Maltese Cross

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: EYG

Creeping Jenny or Moneywort (Lysimachia nummularia) L.

  • Blooms July – August
  • Gardens: EYG

Yellow Loosestrife (Lysimachia punctata) L.

Yellow Loosestrife

  • Blooms June -- August
  • Gardens: EYG

Virginia Bluebell (Mertensia virginica)

Virginia Bluebell

  • Blooms April – May
  • Gardens: GGHG

Heavy Metal Miscanthus (Miscanthus sinensis 'Heavy Metal')

Heavy Metal Switchgrass

  • Blooms September – October
  • Gardens: EYG

Silver Feather Miscanthus (Miscanthus sinensis ‘Silberfeder’)

Silver Feather Miscanthus

  • Blooms July – October
  • Gardens: TG

Variegated Maiden Grass (Miscanthus sinensis ‘Variegatus’)

Variegated Maiden Grass

  • Blooms July – October
  • Gardens: EYG

Scarlet Bee Balm (Monarda didyma) L.

Scarlet Bee Balm

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: BBG

Catnip (Nepeta cataria ‘Walker’s Low’) L.

Catnip 'Walker's Low'

  • Blooms July – October
  • Gardens: THG

Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia ‘Longin’)

Russian Sage

  • Blooms July – October
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Phlox (Phlox subulata ‘Fort Hill’) L.

Fort Hill Phlox

  • Blooms April – June
  • Gardens: BBG

Pasqueflower (Pulsatilla)

Pasqueflower

  • Blooms April -- May
  • Gardens: EYG

P.J.M. Rhododendron (Rhododendron carolinianum x dauricum)

P.J.M. Rhododendron

  • Blooms April – May
  • Gardens: GGHG

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) L.

  • Blooms June – July
  • Gardens: THG

Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia fulgida ‘Goldsturm’)

Black-eyed Susan goldsturm

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: BBG

Meadow Sage (Salvia sylvestris ‘Mainacht’) L.

Meadow Sage

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Variegated Stonecrop (Sedum kamtschaticum ‘Variegatum’)

Variegated Stonecrop

  • Blooms July – August
  • Gardens: EYG

Matrona Stonecrop (Sedum spectabile ‘Matrona’)

Sedum matrona

  • Blooms August – October
  • Gardens: BBG

Red Carpet Stonecrop (Sedum spurium ‘Red Carpet’)

Red Carpet Stonecrop

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: EYG

Autumn Joy Sedum (Sedum telephium)

Autumn Joy Sedum

  • Blooms August – October
  • Gardens: EYG

Autumn Stonecrop (Sedum ‘Purple Emperor’)

Sedum Purple Emperor

  • Blooms August – October
  • Gardens: TG

Goldflame Spirea (Spirea bumalda ‘Goldflame’)

Goldflame Spirea

  • Blooms May – August
  • Gardens: EYG

Speedwell (Veronica spicata ‘Giles Van Hees’) L.

Dwarf Veronica

  • Blooms June – August
  • Gardens: BBG, EYG

Red Prince Weigela (Weigela florida 'Red Prince')

  • Blooms July -- September
  • Gardens: BBG

Adam’s Needle (Yucca filamentosa) L.

Adam's Needle

  • Blooms May – July
  • Gardens: EYG

 

Annuals (species not always planted in a given year)

Floss Flower (Ageratum houstonianum)

Floss Flower

  • Blooms May -- October
  • Gardens: AnG

Snapdragon (Antirrhinum) L.

Snapdragon

  • Blooms May -- October
  • Gardens: AnG

Variegated Canna (Canna pretoria)

Canna

  • Blooms July – September
  • Gardens: EYG

Dahlia (Dahlia ‘Mystic Illusion’)

Dahlia

  • Blooms July – October
  • Gardens: EYG, TG

Impatiens (Impatiens)

Impatiens

  • Blooms May -- October
  • Gardens: AnG

Common Lantana (Lantana camara) L.

Common Lantana

  • Blooms May – October
  • Gardens: EYG, THG

Egyptian Star Cluster (Pentas lanceolata)

Egyptian Star Cluster

  • Blooms June – September
  • Gardens: THG

Petunia (Petunia)

Petunia

  • Blooms May -- October
  • Gardens: AnG

Scarlet Sage (Salvia coccinea)

Scarlet Sage

  • Blooms August – September
  • Gardens: TG

Mealy Sage (Salvia farinacea)

Mealy Sage

  • Blooms May -- October
  • Gardens: AnG

Blue Sage (Salvia guaranitica)

Blue Sage

  • Blooms August – September
  • Gardens: THG

Dusty Miller (Senecio cineraria)

Dusty Miller

  • Bloom time n/a
  • Gardens: AnG
  • Grown for foliage, cultivated varieties don't bloom

Marigold (Tagetes) L.

Marigold

  • Blooms May -- October
  • Gardens: AnG