Title IX

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Q: What is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 is a federal law that states: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."

Q: Who does Title IX apply to?

Title IX applies to all educational institutions, both public and private, that receive federal funds, this includes Gustavus Adolphus College. Title IX compliance must be followed at each institution for not only students, but also employees of the institution. This means Gustavus Adolphus College is required to investigate any Title IX reports between the following individuals:

  1. Student-to-student incident
  2. Student-to employee incident
  3. Employee-to student incident
  4. Employee-to-employee incident
  5. Title IX can also investigate cases in which the respondent is a student but the complainant is not, or if the complainant is a student but the respondent is not

Q: What does Title IX protect people against?

Title IX protects students and employees against gender discrimination, sexual harassment, and sexual misconduct.  Sexual misconduct includes the following:non consensual sexual contact, non consensual sexual intercourse, stalking, intimate partner violence, and sexual exploitation. 

Q: What steps should I take if I need immediate help?

  1. Go to a safe place and get help. Title IX suggest contacting SART (Sexual Assault Response Team) at 507-933-6868.
  2. Preserve any Evidence. If the assault happened recently, don’t bathe, put the clothes you were wearing in a paper bag; Refrain from using the bathroom, showering, changing your clothes or brushing your teeth to maximize the ability to gather evidence.
  3. Get medical care. If the assault was of a physical nature (e.g., there was penetration of any kind or a physical injury including bruising, bite marks etc.), then seek medical care.
    • Emergency - If injuries are serious and you need immediate medical attention:Call 911 and/or Campus Safety for assistance.
    • Mayo Health System/Mankato- can provide a SANE (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner) a nurse whom is specially trained to work with survivors and collect medical evidence collection. SANE nurses will work with each individual in a sensitive manner and respect the survivor’s decision. Having an evidence collection kit performed DOES NOT MEAN that the student has to press charges. It is important to have a trained SANE nurse do the exam. If you want to preserve evidence seek this exam and medical attention as soon as possible. Mayo Health System/Mankato:  (507) 385-2610
    • Gustavus Adolphus College Health Services- can provide testing for sexually transmitted infections (STI), pregnancy testing, and emergency contraceptives; as well as other medical attention to any injuries.
      • Note Mayo Health Clinic, as well as other outside medical facilities can also provide the above services if you prefer to go off campus
      • Health Services is available M-F, 8:00am-4:30pm located in Jackson Student Center
  4. Consider Accessing Campus/Community Services for Support and Assistance. Students have a variety of campus and community options for support and other kinds of assistance. Free/confidential on-campus and off-campus resources for Counseling or support include:
    • Gustavus Counseling Center (507) 933-7027
    • Gustavus Health Service
    • Gustavus Chaplain’s Office
    • Community 24 hour Safeline: (800) 630-1425
  5. Consider Reporting the Incident to the Police. The college supports and encourages a student’s right to go to police and College staff will assist the student in making contact with the police. The option to report to off campus law enforcement is ALWAYS an option regardless of other actions or investigations taking place. A student may speak with a SART/CADA member who can provide support and information regarding contacting off-campus law enforcement.

Q: What steps should I take if someone told me about an experience of sexual misconduct?

If you are a mandated reporter, report it immediately. Click here for the online report

If you are not a mandated reporter, you may also use the online report or contact the Title IX Coordinator. Otherwise click here for more information on how to support a survivor

Q: How do I report?

There are a few options to report here are a few of your options to report an incident of sexual misconduct or gender discrimination.

  • Online Report
    • You can remain anonymous in your report if you wish, unless you are a mandated reporter. Title IX encourages all reporting, including anonymous reports. However, please know the less information provided in a report, the less information Title IX has to act on.
  • Contact the Title IX Coordinator
    • Patty Dawson, Title IX and Sexual Misconduct Prevention Coordinator: pdawson@gustavus.edu; 507-933-6360
  • Contact Safety and Security: 507-933-8888

  • Talk to a mandated reporter. By federal law mandated reporters are required to report any and all information regarding sexual misconduct and potential Title IX policy violations regardless of whether you want a mandated reporter to report this information or not.

Q: What is/ Who is a mandated reporter?

A mandated reporter is someone required by federal law to report any and all information regarding a potential Title IX violation and acts of sexual misconduct and/or harassment. The following are Mandated Reporters/Responsible Employees and are required to report all personally identifiable information and other details disclosed about the incident to the Title IX Coordinator: President, Vice Presidents, all faculty, all administrators, all coaches, Campus Safety employees, Human Resources employees, and all staff who supervise student employees (except those previously identified as confidential).  Collegiate Fellows, Peer Assistants, and Gustie Greeters are also mandated reporters/responsible employees. There are exceptions some employees have legally-recognized confidentiality protections and will not share information without the consent of the victim/survivor. The on-campus confidential resources include: SART (Sexual Assault Response Team), the on-campus counseling center, and Gustavus Adolphus’s College’s chaplains.

Q: As a student am I required to report?

No, not unless you work for Gustavus Adolphus College or are involved in a student organization that is considered to be mandated reporters. However, Gustavus Adolphus College supports students reporting incidents of sexual misconduct regardless if they are the person who experienced sexual misconduct, someone who observed questionable behavior, or someone who heard about a potential sexual misconduct through a friend or other forms of communication. Remember, you can report online, directly to the Title IX Coordinator, or anonymously if you like.

Q: What happens after I make a report?

Please review our Title IX flow-chart

Q: Does Title IX force victims/survivors to share their experience with the Institution or pressure a student to pursue disciplinary action?

The student always retains control over who to talk to and what level of information to share. We will never force a survivor-victim to share the details of their experience, but when a report of sexual misconduct is shared with the Title IX Coordinator, we have a legal duty to follow up on the report to determine the appropriate response under Title IX. The Title IX Coordinator will conduct an initial assessment regarding, among other things, the nature of the report, the safety of the individual and of the broader campus community, and the complainant’s expressed preference for resolution. Students are not pressured to pursue a specific action. In planning any response, the wishes of the reporting student are given full consideration. Nevertheless, the Institute may need to pursue a certain path despite the wishes of the student, but usually only if there is a broader safety risk for the community.

Q: If I have personally experienced sexual misconduct/harassment what are my options for resolution?

There are a few options for resolution

  • Contact SART and/or other confidential resources to seek counseling and advocacy services. If you contact a confidential resource, this will not count as a report to the Title IX office and Title IX will not take action or contact you regarding your experiences. However, these confidential resources are a good first step and can provide information regarding the Title IX process if you have questions.

Title IX Reporting Options

  • Remedies-based resolution: This option does not involve disciplinary action against a respondent. A remedies-based resolution may include interim protective measures, such as a no-contact order, academic accommodations, or housing modifications. It may also include targeted or broad-based educational training. In some cases, a remedies-based resolution is not appropriate based on the facts and circumstances of the misconduct.
  • Disciplinary Proceedings/Formal Resolution: This option involves the potential for disciplinary sanctions for a respondent. A formal resolution requires participation in a formal investigation, conducted by trained and neutral investigators. The investigators collect data and make a report in which both the complainant and respondent can review. After both the complainant and respondent have had a chance to review the report and add comments, the report is then given to a hearing board which decides an outcome for the respondent as well as any sanctions if the respondent is held accountable.

Other Reporting Options

  • Sexual misconduct incidents may always be reported to the Saint Peter Police Department by the victim. The College reserves the right in certain circumstances to report the incident to the Saint Peter Police Department.
    • Peter Police contact: Matt Grochow
      • Police Department number: (507) 931-1550